Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)

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Definition of 'Application-Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC)'

An application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) is a type of integrated circuit (IC) that is customized for a particular application. ASICs are designed and manufactured to meet the specific needs of a particular application, and they are not programmable like general-purpose integrated circuits (MPUs).

ASICs are used in a wide variety of applications, including telecommunications, computing, automotive, and industrial. They are also used in consumer electronics, such as smartphones, tablets, and laptops.

The main advantage of ASICs is their high performance. ASICs are designed specifically for a particular application, so they can be optimized for that application. This can result in significant performance improvements over general-purpose ICs.

ASICs also have a lower power consumption than general-purpose ICs. This is because ASICs are designed to only perform the functions that are required for the specific application.

However, ASICs are also more expensive than general-purpose ICs. This is because ASICs are custom-designed and manufactured, which can be a costly process.

ASICs are typically used in applications where high performance and low power consumption are important. For example, ASICs are used in telecommunications equipment, where they are used to process signals at high speeds. ASICs are also used in automotive applications, where they are used to control engines and other systems.

ASICs are a critical component of many modern electronic systems. They provide the high performance and low power consumption that is required for these systems.

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