Article 50

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Definition of 'Article 50'

Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) is a provision that allows a member state of the European Union (EU) to withdraw from the union. It was first included in the Maastricht Treaty in 1992, and has never been used before.

The article states that a member state may withdraw from the EU "in accordance with its own constitutional requirements". This means that each member state has its own process for triggering Article 50. In the UK, for example, the process is set out in the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018.

Once a member state has triggered Article 50, it has two years to negotiate the terms of its withdrawal with the other member states and the European Commission. If an agreement is not reached within this time, the member state will automatically cease to be a member of the EU.

Article 50 has been a controversial provision since it was first included in the TEU. Some people believe that it is too easy for a member state to withdraw from the EU, while others believe that it is necessary to allow member states to leave if they so wish.

The debate over Article 50 has been particularly heated in the UK, where the government has decided to trigger the article in order to leave the EU. The decision to trigger Article 50 has been met with protests and demonstrations, and there is still uncertainty about what the future holds for the UK after it leaves the EU.

Article 50 is a complex and controversial provision that has the potential to have a major impact on the future of the EU. It remains to be seen how the article will be used in practice, and what the consequences will be for the EU and its member states.

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