# Breakeven Point: Definition, Examples, and How to Calculate

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## Definition of 'Breakeven Point: Definition, Examples, and How to Calculate'

The break-even point (BEP) is the point at which a company's total revenue equals its total costs, and it neither makes nor loses money. It is a key concept in business planning and financial analysis, and it can be used to determine the profitability of a new product or service, as well as to set prices and make other business decisions.

The break-even point is calculated by dividing the fixed costs by the contribution margin. The fixed costs are the costs that do not vary with the level of production, such as rent, salaries, and depreciation. The contribution margin is the difference between the selling price and the variable costs, which are the costs that vary with the level of production, such as the cost of materials and labor.

The break-even point can be expressed in units of output, such as units of product or services, or in dollars. For example, if a company's fixed costs are \$100,000 and its variable costs are \$50 per unit, then its break-even point is 2,000 units. This means that the company must sell 2,000 units of product or services in order to break even.

The break-even point can also be used to calculate the margin of safety, which is the difference between the actual sales and the break-even sales. The margin of safety is a measure of the risk of a company's operations, and it is expressed as a percentage of sales. For example, if a company's actual sales are \$100,000 and its break-even sales are \$80,000, then its margin of safety is 20%. This means that the company can experience a 20% decline in sales before it starts to lose money.

The break-even point is a valuable tool for business owners and managers, as it can help them to make informed decisions about pricing, production, and marketing. By understanding the break-even point, businesses can improve their profitability and ensure their long-term success.

Here are some examples of break-even points:

* A company that sells widgets for \$10 each has fixed costs of \$100,000 and variable costs of \$5 per widget. The break-even point is 20,000 widgets.
* A restaurant that sells meals for \$20 each has fixed costs of \$100,000 and variable costs of \$10 per meal. The break-even point is 10,000 meals.
* A retail store that sells shirts for \$20 each has fixed costs of \$100,000 and variable costs of \$5 per shirt. The break-even point is 20,000 shirts.

The break-even point can be calculated using the following formula:

```
Break-even point = Fixed costs / Contribution margin
```

Where:

* Fixed costs are the costs that do not vary with the level of production, such as rent, salaries, and depreciation.
* Variable costs are the costs that vary with the level of production, such as the cost of materials and labor.
* Contribution margin is the difference between the selling price and the variable costs.

The break-even point can be expressed in units of output, such as units of product or services, or in dollars. For example, if a company's fixed costs are \$100,000 and its variable costs are \$50 per unit, then its break-even point is 2,000 units. This means that the company must sell 2,000 units of product or services in order to break even.

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