Capital Asset

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Definition of 'Capital Asset'

A capital asset is an asset that is not held for sale in the ordinary course of business and that is expected to be held for more than one year. Capital assets include land, buildings, equipment, machinery, vehicles, and investments.

The term "capital asset" is important because it has different tax implications than other types of assets. For example, capital gains on the sale of capital assets are taxed at a lower rate than ordinary income.

In order to qualify as a capital asset, an asset must meet the following criteria:

* It must be held for more than one year.
* It must not be held for sale in the ordinary course of business.
* It must not be inventory.
* It must not be a depreciable asset.

If an asset meets all of these criteria, it is considered a capital asset for tax purposes.

There are a few exceptions to the general rule that capital assets are held for more than one year. For example, if an asset is held for less than one year but is sold at a loss, the loss can be deducted from ordinary income.

Additionally, some assets that are not held for more than one year may still qualify as capital assets if they are held for investment purposes. For example, if an individual buys a stock and holds it for less than one year, but the stock is not held for sale in the ordinary course of business, the stock may still qualify as a capital asset.

The classification of an asset as a capital asset or not can have significant tax implications. Therefore, it is important to consult with a tax advisor to determine the proper classification of an asset.

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