# Coverage Ratio

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## Definition of 'Coverage Ratio'

A coverage ratio is a financial metric that measures a company's ability to meet its debt obligations. It is calculated by dividing a company's earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) by its interest expense.

There are several different types of coverage ratios, each of which measures a different aspect of a company's financial health. The most common coverage ratios are:

* The debt-to-equity ratio, which measures a company's debt relative to its equity.
* The interest coverage ratio, which measures a company's ability to pay its interest expenses.
* The cash flow coverage ratio, which measures a company's ability to generate cash flow from operations to meet its debt obligations.

Coverage ratios are important because they provide investors with a way to assess a company's financial health and its ability to meet its debt obligations. A company with a high coverage ratio is generally considered to be in a better financial position than a company with a low coverage ratio.

However, it is important to note that coverage ratios are only one measure of a company's financial health. Other factors, such as a company's cash flow, liquidity, and debt structure, should also be considered when assessing a company's financial health.

Here is a more detailed explanation of each of the three most common coverage ratios:

* The debt-to-equity ratio is calculated by dividing a company's total debt by its total equity. A high debt-to-equity ratio indicates that a company is using a lot of debt to finance its operations. This can be a sign of financial risk, as a company with a high debt-to-equity ratio may have difficulty meeting its debt obligations if its earnings decline.
* The interest coverage ratio is calculated by dividing a company's EBITDA by its interest expense. A high interest coverage ratio indicates that a company is generating enough cash flow from operations to cover its interest expenses. This is considered to be a sign of financial strength, as it shows that a company is able to meet its debt obligations without difficulty.
* The cash flow coverage ratio is calculated by dividing a company's operating cash flow by its total debt. A high cash flow coverage ratio indicates that a company is generating enough cash flow from operations to cover its debt obligations. This is considered to be a sign of financial strength, as it shows that a company is able to meet its debt obligations without difficulty.

Coverage ratios are important tools for investors to use when assessing a company's financial health. However, it is important to note that coverage ratios are only one measure of a company's financial health. Other factors, such as a company's cash flow, liquidity, and debt structure, should also be considered when assessing a company's financial health.

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