# Degree of Financial Leverage

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## Definition of 'Degree of Financial Leverage'

The degree of financial leverage (DFL) is a measure of how a company's earnings are affected by changes in its sales. It is calculated by dividing the company's net income by its earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT).

A high DFL means that a company's earnings are more sensitive to changes in sales. This can be a good thing if a company is growing rapidly, as it can use its debt to finance its growth. However, it can also be a bad thing if a company's sales are declining, as it may have difficulty making its interest payments.

The DFL can be used to compare different companies and to assess the risk of a company's financial position. A company with a high DFL is considered to be more risky than a company with a low DFL.

Here is a more detailed explanation of the DFL formula:

$$\text{DFL} = \frac{\text{Net Income}}{\text{EBIT}}$$

Where:

* Net Income is the company's net profit after taxes.
* EBIT is the company's earnings before interest and taxes.

The DFL can be used to calculate the percentage change in net income that will result from a given percentage change in EBIT. For example, if a company has a DFL of 2, then a 10% increase in EBIT will result in a 20% increase in net income.

The DFL can also be used to calculate the break-even point for a company. The break-even point is the level of sales at which a company's net income is zero. The DFL can be used to calculate the break-even point in terms of EBIT. For example, if a company has a DFL of 2, then its break-even point is EBIT = \$0.

The DFL is a useful tool for financial analysis. It can be used to compare different companies and to assess the risk of a company's financial position.

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