# Discounted Cash Flow (DCF)

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## Definition of 'Discounted Cash Flow (DCF)'

**Discounted Cash Flow (DCF)**

Discounted cash flow (DCF) is a valuation method that uses the present value of future cash flows to determine the value of an investment. The DCF method is based on the idea that the value of an investment is the present value of all future cash flows that it is expected to generate.

To calculate the DCF, you first need to estimate the future cash flows of the investment. This can be done by using a variety of methods, such as the company's historical financial statements, industry trends, and economic forecasts. Once you have estimated the future cash flows, you need to discount them back to the present using a discount rate. The discount rate is the rate of return that you require on your investment.

The DCF formula is:

**Value = ?(CFt / (1 + r)^t)**

Where:

* CFt is the cash flow in year t
* r is the discount rate
* t is the number of years

The DCF method is a popular valuation method because it is relatively simple to use and it provides a good estimate of the value of an investment. However, the DCF method can be subjective, as the estimates of future cash flows and the discount rate can be difficult to make.

* The DCF method is relatively simple to use.
* The DCF method provides a good estimate of the value of an investment.
* The DCF method can be used to compare different investments.