# Dispersion

Search Dictionary

## Definition of 'Dispersion'

In finance, dispersion is a measure of the variability of a dataset. It is calculated as the average of the squared differences between each data point and the mean of the dataset. Dispersion is often used to measure the risk of an investment or portfolio.

There are two main types of dispersion:

* **Variance** is the average of the squared differences between each data point and the mean of the dataset.
* **Standard deviation** is the square root of the variance.

Variance and standard deviation are both measures of the spread of data around the mean. However, standard deviation is more commonly used because it is easier to interpret.

A high variance or standard deviation indicates that the data is spread out over a wide range of values. This means that there is a greater chance of observing extreme values. A low variance or standard deviation indicates that the data is clustered around the mean. This means that there is a smaller chance of observing extreme values.

Dispersion is an important concept in finance because it can be used to measure the risk of an investment or portfolio. A high-risk investment is one that has a high variance or standard deviation. This means that there is a greater chance of losing money on the investment. A low-risk investment is one that has a low variance or standard deviation. This means that there is a smaller chance of losing money on the investment.

Dispersion can also be used to compare different investments or portfolios. An investment with a higher variance or standard deviation is considered to be riskier than an investment with a lower variance or standard deviation.

In addition to variance and standard deviation, there are other measures of dispersion that can be used in finance. These include the range, interquartile range, and mean absolute deviation.

The range is the difference between the highest and lowest values in a dataset. The interquartile range is the difference between the 25th and 75th percentiles of a dataset. The mean absolute deviation is the average of the absolute differences between each data point and the mean of the dataset.

These measures of dispersion can be used to provide additional information about the spread of data around the mean.

Do you have a trading or investing definition for our dictionary? Click the Create Definition link to add your own definition. You will earn 150 bonus reputation points for each definition that is accepted.

Is this definition wrong? Let us know by posting to the forum and we will correct it.