Definition of 'Downside Risk'
Downside risk is an important factor to consider when making investment decisions, as it can help you to understand the potential risks and rewards of an investment. There are a number of ways to measure downside risk, including the standard deviation and the value at risk (VaR).
The standard deviation is a measure of how much an investment's returns vary from its average return. A high standard deviation indicates that an investment is more volatile and has a higher potential for downside risk.
The value at risk is a measure of the maximum potential loss that an investment can suffer over a given time period. A high VaR indicates that an investment has a high potential for downside risk.
In addition to the standard deviation and the VaR, there are a number of other factors that can affect downside risk, including the investment's liquidity, the size of the investment, and the time horizon of the investment.
Liquidity refers to how easily an investment can be converted into cash. An investment that is illiquid is more difficult to sell quickly, which can increase its downside risk.
The size of the investment also affects downside risk. A large investment can lose more money than a small investment if it declines in value.
The time horizon of the investment also affects downside risk. An investment that is held for a long period of time has a greater chance of recovering from a decline in value than an investment that is held for a short period of time.
Downside risk is an important factor to consider when making investment decisions. By understanding the potential risks and rewards of an investment, you can make more informed investment decisions.
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