Excess Capacity

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Definition of 'Excess Capacity'

Excess capacity is a term used in economics to describe a situation in which a company or industry has more productive capacity than is needed to meet current demand. This can occur when a company has invested in new equipment or expanded its operations in anticipation of future growth, but the anticipated growth does not materialize. Excess capacity can also occur when a company's products or services are no longer in demand.

Excess capacity can have a number of negative consequences for a company, including:

* Reduced profits: When a company has excess capacity, it must lower its prices in order to compete with other companies that are operating at full capacity. This can lead to lower profits for the company.
* Increased costs: When a company has excess capacity, it must still pay for the fixed costs of production, such as rent, salaries, and equipment depreciation. This can lead to higher costs for the company.
* Reduced productivity: When a company has excess capacity, its workers may not be fully utilized. This can lead to reduced productivity and lower output for the company.

In some cases, excess capacity can be beneficial for a company. For example, excess capacity can allow a company to meet unexpected increases in demand. It can also give a company the flexibility to adjust its production levels in response to changes in market conditions.

However, excess capacity is generally considered to be a negative thing for a company. Companies typically try to avoid having excess capacity by carefully planning their production levels and by investing in new equipment only when there is a clear need for it.

Here are some additional examples of excess capacity:

* A factory that has more machines than it needs to produce the goods it sells.
* A hotel that has more rooms than it needs to accommodate its guests.
* A store that has more inventory than it needs to sell to its customers.

In each of these cases, the company has invested in resources that it is not fully utilizing. This can lead to lower profits, higher costs, and reduced productivity.

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