# Excersise Price: Overview, Put and Calls, In and Out of The Money

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## Definition of 'Excersise Price: Overview, Put and Calls, In and Out of The Money'

**Exercise Price: Overview**

The exercise price, also known as the strike price, is the price at which an option holder can buy or sell the underlying asset. For a call option, the exercise price is the maximum price that the buyer can pay for the underlying asset. For a put option, the exercise price is the minimum price that the seller can receive for the underlying asset.

**Put and Calls**

There are two types of options: calls and puts. A call option gives the holder the right to buy the underlying asset at the exercise price. A put option gives the holder the right to sell the underlying asset at the exercise price.

**In and Out of the Money**

An option is said to be in the money when the market price of the underlying asset is greater than the exercise price for a call option, or less than the exercise price for a put option. An option is said to be out of the money when the market price of the underlying asset is less than the exercise price for a call option, or greater than the exercise price for a put option.

**How to Calculate the Exercise Price**

The exercise price is typically set at a level that is equal to or slightly above the current market price of the underlying asset. This is done to ensure that the option is in the money when it is first purchased. However, the exercise price can be set at any level, depending on the specific terms of the option contract.

**The Exercise Price and Option Value**

The exercise price is an important factor in determining the value of an option. The higher the exercise price, the lower the value of the option. This is because a higher exercise price makes it less likely that the option will be exercised.

**The Exercise Price and Profit Potential**

The exercise price also affects the potential profit that can be made from an option. For a call option, the maximum profit is equal to the difference between the market price of the underlying asset and the exercise price. For a put option, the maximum profit is equal to the difference between the exercise price and the market price of the underlying asset.

**The Exercise Price and Risk**

The exercise price also affects the risk of an option. The higher the exercise price, the greater the risk of losing money on the option. This is because a higher exercise price makes it more likely that the option will expire worthless.

**Conclusion**

The exercise price is an important factor to consider when trading options. It is important to understand how the exercise price affects the value and risk of an option before making a trade.

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