Four Asian Tigers

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Definition of 'Four Asian Tigers'

The Four Asian Tigers are four East Asian economies that experienced rapid economic growth in the late 20th century. They are Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.

The term "Four Asian Tigers" was coined by the economist and Nobel laureate Robert Mundell in 1996. He used it to describe the four economies' rapid economic growth and industrialization, which he attributed to their export-oriented economies, high savings rates, and investment in education.

The Four Asian Tigers have been held up as an example of how developing countries can achieve rapid economic growth through sound economic policies. Their success has been attributed to a number of factors, including:

* **Government policies that promoted export-oriented growth.** The Four Asian Tigers all adopted export-oriented economic policies, which encouraged businesses to produce goods for export. This helped to create jobs and boost economic growth.
* **High savings rates.** The Four Asian Tigers also had high savings rates, which helped to finance investment in new businesses and infrastructure.
* **Investment in education.** The Four Asian Tigers also invested heavily in education, which helped to create a skilled workforce and boost productivity.

The Four Asian Tigers have achieved remarkable economic growth in a relatively short period of time. They have become major economic players in the global economy, and their success has inspired other developing countries to emulate their policies.

However, the Four Asian Tigers are not without their challenges. They are all facing rising inequality, environmental degradation, and the need to transition to a more sustainable economic model. It remains to be seen whether they will be able to overcome these challenges and continue their economic growth in the years to come.

In addition to the four countries mentioned above, some economists also include Malaysia and Thailand as part of the Four Asian Tigers. These countries also experienced rapid economic growth in the late 20th century, and they share many of the same economic characteristics as the other four countries.

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