# Gini Index

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## Definition of 'Gini Index'

The Gini index is a measure of inequality that is often used to compare the distribution of income or wealth in different countries or regions. It is calculated by taking the sum of the absolute differences between each observation and the mean, divided by the total population. The Gini index can range from 0 to 1, where 0 represents perfect equality and 1 represents perfect inequality.

The Gini index is a useful tool for measuring inequality because it is simple to calculate and interpret. It is also relatively robust to changes in the distribution of income or wealth, making it a good choice for comparing different countries or regions over time.

However, the Gini index has some limitations. First, it does not take into account the absolute level of income or wealth. This means that two countries with the same Gini index could have very different levels of poverty. Second, the Gini index does not take into account the effects of taxes and transfers. This means that two countries with the same Gini index could have very different levels of social welfare.

Despite these limitations, the Gini index is a valuable tool for measuring inequality. It is a simple and easy-to-understand measure that can be used to compare different countries or regions over time.

The Gini index is a useful tool for measuring inequality because it is simple to calculate and interpret. It is also relatively robust to changes in the distribution of income or wealth, making it a good choice for comparing different countries or regions over time.

However, the Gini index has some limitations. First, it does not take into account the absolute level of income or wealth. This means that two countries with the same Gini index could have very different levels of poverty. Second, the Gini index does not take into account the effects of taxes and transfers. This means that two countries with the same Gini index could have very different levels of social welfare.

Despite these limitations, the Gini index is a valuable tool for measuring inequality. It is a simple and easy-to-understand measure that can be used to compare different countries or regions over time.

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