# Imputed Interest: What is is, How to Calculate, FAQs

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## Definition of 'Imputed Interest: What is is, How to Calculate, FAQs'

Imputed interest is a type of interest that is calculated on the difference between the fair market value of a loan and the interest rate charged on the loan. This type of interest is often used when a lender loans money to a borrower at a below-market interest rate. The IRS considers imputed interest to be taxable income for the borrower and a deductible expense for the lender.

There are a few different ways to calculate imputed interest. One common method is to use the IRS's daily interest rate table. This table provides a daily interest rate for different types of loans, based on the loan amount and term. Another method is to use the federal rate of return on investment (ROI). This rate is published by the IRS and is used to calculate the imputed interest on certain types of loans, such as seller-financed loans.

There are a few different scenarios where imputed interest may be calculated. One common scenario is when a parent loans money to their child to buy a house. In this case, the IRS will impute interest on the loan based on the fair market value of the house and the interest rate that would be charged on a comparable loan from a third party lender. Another scenario where imputed interest may be calculated is when a company loans money to an employee. In this case, the IRS will impute interest on the loan based on the federal rate of return on investment.

If you are unsure whether or not imputed interest applies to a loan you have made or received, you should consult with a tax advisor.

**FAQs**

* **What is the difference between imputed interest and regular interest?**

Imputed interest is a type of interest that is calculated on the difference between the fair market value of a loan and the interest rate charged on the loan. Regular interest is the interest that is actually charged on a loan.

* **Why is imputed interest calculated?**

The IRS calculates imputed interest in order to ensure that taxpayers are not taking advantage of below-market interest rates. By imputing interest, the IRS ensures that taxpayers are taxed on the income they earn from below-market interest loans.

* **How is imputed interest calculated?**

There are a few different ways to calculate imputed interest. One common method is to use the IRS's daily interest rate table. This table provides a daily interest rate for different types of loans, based on the loan amount and term. Another method is to use the federal rate of return on investment (ROI). This rate is published by the IRS and is used to calculate the imputed interest on certain types of loans, such as seller-financed loans.

* **What are the consequences of not reporting imputed interest?**

If you do not report imputed interest on your tax return, you may be subject to penalties and interest. You may also be required to pay back the imputed interest to the IRS.

* **How can I avoid imputed interest?**

If you are considering making a below-market interest loan, you should consult with a tax advisor to discuss the potential tax implications. You may also want to consider structuring the loan in a way that avoids imputed interest, such as by charging a higher interest rate or by using a gift loan.

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