Income Statement

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Definition of 'Income Statement'

The income statement is one of the three main financial statements, along with the balance sheet and statement of cash flows. It provides a summary of a company's financial performance over a period of time, typically a fiscal year. The income statement shows how much revenue a company has generated, how much it has spent, and how much profit it has made.

The income statement is divided into two main sections: the top section shows the company's revenue and expenses, and the bottom section shows the company's net income.

The revenue section shows how much money the company has brought in from its business activities. This includes sales of goods or services, interest income, and other income. The expenses section shows how much money the company has spent on its business activities. This includes costs of goods sold, operating expenses, and other expenses.

The net income is the amount of money that the company has left after paying all of its expenses. This is the amount of money that the company can distribute to its shareholders in the form of dividends or use to reinvest in its business.

The income statement is a valuable tool for investors and other stakeholders because it provides a snapshot of a company's financial health. It can be used to assess a company's profitability, growth potential, and financial risk.

Here are some additional details about the income statement:

* The income statement is prepared using accrual accounting, which means that revenues and expenses are recorded when they are earned or incurred, regardless of when cash is received or paid.
* The income statement is presented in a vertical format, with the revenue section at the top and the expense section at the bottom.
* The net income is the final figure on the income statement and is also known as the bottom line.
* The income statement is one of the most important financial statements for investors to review because it provides a clear picture of a company's financial performance.

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