# Incremental Cash Flow: Definition, Formula, and Examples

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## Definition of 'Incremental Cash Flow: Definition, Formula, and Examples'

Incremental cash flow is the additional cash flow that a company generates from a new project or investment. It is calculated by subtracting the cash outflows from the cash inflows associated with the project.

The incremental cash flow formula is:

**Incremental Cash Flow = Cash Inflows - Cash Outflows**

The cash inflows associated with a project include the revenue generated from the project, any tax benefits, and any other sources of cash flow. The cash outflows associated with a project include the costs of the project, any taxes, and any other sources of cash flow.

Incremental cash flow is an important metric for evaluating the profitability of a project or investment. It can be used to compare different projects or investments to see which one is the most profitable. Incremental cash flow can also be used to determine the payback period for a project or investment.

The payback period is the amount of time it takes for a project or investment to generate enough cash flow to pay back the initial investment. The payback period can be calculated using the following formula:

**Payback Period = Initial Investment / Incremental Cash Flow**

The shorter the payback period, the more attractive the project or investment is.

Incremental cash flow can be used to make a variety of financial decisions, such as whether or not to invest in a new project, or which project to invest in. It can also be used to evaluate the performance of a company's existing projects.

Here are some examples of incremental cash flow:

* A company is considering investing in a new machine that will cost \$100,000. The machine is expected to generate \$50,000 in revenue each year. The company's tax rate is 25%. The incremental cash flow for the project is \$25,000 (\$50,000 - \$100,000 * 25%).
* A company is considering investing in a new product line. The product line is expected to generate \$100,000 in revenue each year. The company's cost of goods sold is 50%. The incremental cash flow for the product line is \$50,000 (\$100,000 - \$50,000).
* A company is considering investing in a new marketing campaign. The campaign is expected to generate \$100,000 in revenue each year. The company's marketing costs are 25%. The incremental cash flow for the campaign is \$75,000 (\$100,000 - \$25,000).

Incremental cash flow is an important metric for evaluating the profitability of a project or investment. It can be used to compare different projects or investments to see which one is the most profitable. Incremental cash flow can also be used to determine the payback period for a project or investment.

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