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Definition of 'Journal'

A journal is a chronological record of financial transactions. It is used to track the flow of money into and out of a business, and to provide a basis for preparing financial statements.

Journal entries are recorded in the general ledger, which is a central repository for all financial information. The general ledger is used to track the balance of each account, and to prepare financial statements such as the balance sheet and income statement.

Journal entries are also used to record transactions in subsidiary ledgers, which are used to track specific types of transactions, such as accounts receivable and accounts payable.

The journal is a critical part of the accounting process, and it is essential for maintaining accurate financial records. By recording all financial transactions in the journal, businesses can ensure that they have a complete and accurate record of their financial activity.

In addition to recording financial transactions, the journal can also be used to:

* Track the source and destination of funds
* Identify trends in financial activity
* Detect errors in financial reporting
* Support decision-making

The journal is a valuable tool for businesses of all sizes. By using the journal effectively, businesses can improve their financial reporting and decision-making, and reduce the risk of financial errors.

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