National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC)
Definition of 'National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC)'
The NSCC was founded in 1975 as a result of the Securities Acts Amendments of 1975. The amendments were designed to improve the efficiency and safety of the securities markets by creating a central clearinghouse for securities transactions. The NSCC is overseen by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
The NSCC is a member of the Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC), which is the world's largest clearinghouse for financial transactions. The DTCC provides clearing and settlement services for a wide range of financial products, including equities, fixed income, and derivatives.
The NSCC plays a critical role in the operation of the U.S. securities markets. It provides a safe and efficient environment for securities transactions, and it helps to reduce the risk of systemic failure. The NSCC is also a major contributor to the U.S. economy, generating billions of dollars in revenue each year.
Here are some of the key functions of the NSCC:
* Clearing and settling securities transactions: The NSCC is responsible for clearing and settling all securities transactions that take place on its member firms' trading platforms. This process involves matching buyers and sellers, transferring funds, and updating the ownership records of securities.
* Providing risk management services: The NSCC provides a variety of risk management services to its member firms, such as margin lending and default fund protection. Margin lending allows member firms to borrow money from the NSCC to finance their trading activities. Default fund protection provides a financial cushion to member firms in the event that one of their customers defaults on a trade.
* Overseeing the securities markets: The NSCC also plays a role in overseeing the securities markets. It monitors trading activity and investigates potential violations of securities laws. The NSCC also works with regulators to develop and implement new rules and regulations for the securities markets.
The NSCC is a vital part of the U.S. securities markets. It plays a critical role in ensuring the safety and efficiency of the markets, and it helps to reduce the risk of systemic failure. The NSCC is also a major contributor to the U.S. economy, generating billions of dollars in revenue each year.
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