Net International Investment Position (NIIP)
Definition of 'Net International Investment Position (NIIP)'
The NIIP is calculated by adding a country's foreign assets to its foreign liabilities and then subtracting the result from its total assets. Foreign assets include all investments made by residents of a country in other countries, such as stocks, bonds, and real estate. Foreign liabilities include all investments made by foreigners in a country, such as loans from foreign banks and bonds issued by the government.
The NIIP can be positive or negative. A positive NIIP means that a country has more foreign assets than foreign liabilities, while a negative NIIP means that a country has more foreign liabilities than foreign assets.
The NIIP is an important indicator of a country's financial health. A positive NIIP indicates that a country is a net creditor, while a negative NIIP indicates that a country is a net debtor. A country with a positive NIIP is in a better position to weather economic shocks than a country with a negative NIIP.
The NIIP is also used to measure a country's international competitiveness. A country with a positive NIIP is more likely to be able to attract foreign investment, which can help to boost economic growth.
The NIIP is calculated by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The IMF publishes the NIIP for each country in its World Economic Outlook report.
The NIIP is a complex concept, and there are a number of different ways to interpret it. However, it is an important indicator of a country's financial health and international competitiveness.
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