Newly Industrialized Country (NIC)

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Definition of 'Newly Industrialized Country (NIC)'

A newly industrialized country (NIC) is a country that has recently experienced rapid economic growth and industrialization. NICs are typically characterized by high levels of foreign investment, rapid growth in manufacturing and services, and a growing middle class.

There is no single definition of what constitutes a NIC, but some common criteria include:

* A high gross domestic product (GDP) per capita
* A high rate of economic growth
* A high level of industrialization
* A significant share of exports in the economy
* A growing middle class

NICs are often seen as a step on the path to becoming a developed country. However, not all NICs are successful in making this transition. Some NICs may experience economic slowdowns or even reversals, while others may become stuck in a middle-income trap.

The term "NIC" was first used in the 1960s to describe countries such as South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore. These countries had all experienced rapid economic growth in the years following World War II, and they were seen as models for other developing countries.

In the 1980s and 1990s, a number of other countries joined the ranks of the NICs, including China, India, and Brazil. These countries have also experienced rapid economic growth, and they are now considered to be major players in the global economy.

The rise of the NICs has had a significant impact on the global economy. These countries have become major exporters of manufactured goods, and they have also become important sources of investment and capital. The NICs have also played a role in reducing global poverty and inequality.

However, the rise of the NICs has also had some negative consequences. These countries have often experienced environmental degradation, and they have also been criticized for their labor practices. The NICs have also been accused of unfair trade practices, such as dumping and currency manipulation.

Despite these challenges, the NICs continue to play an important role in the global economy. These countries are likely to continue to grow in the years to come, and they will continue to have a significant impact on the world economy.

Here are some additional resources on newly industrialized countries:

* [The World Bank: Newly Industrialized Countries](https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/industrial-development/brief/newly-industrialized-countries)
* [The International Monetary Fund: Emerging and Developing Economies](https://www.imf.org/en/Topics/imf-and-its-work/Emerging-and-Developing-Economies)
* [The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development: Developing Countries](https://www.unctad.org/en/Pages/default.aspx)

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