Occupational Safety And Health Act

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Definition of 'Occupational Safety And Health Act'

The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) is a United States law that establishes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and deals with occupational health and safety. It was enacted by Congress in 1970 and was signed by President Richard Nixon on December 29, 1970.

The OSH Act is intended to ensure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education, and assistance. The OSH Act covers private sector employers and their employees, as well as state and local government employees.

The OSH Act has five main goals:

* To ensure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women.
* To reduce the number of occupational injuries and illnesses.
* To promote the safety and health of workers through research, education, and training.
* To encourage employers and employees to work together to reduce workplace hazards.
* To provide a forum for workers to express their concerns about workplace safety and health.

The OSH Act is enforced by OSHA, which is a federal agency within the United States Department of Labor. OSHA has a number of responsibilities under the OSH Act, including:

* Setting and enforcing standards for workplace safety and health.
* Investigating workplace accidents and illnesses.
* Issuing citations and penalties for violations of the OSH Act.
* Providing training and education on workplace safety and health.
* Promoting cooperation between employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards.

The OSH Act has been a successful law in reducing workplace injuries and illnesses. Since its passage, the rate of workplace injuries and illnesses has declined by more than 50%. The OSH Act has also helped to improve the safety and health of workers in the United States.

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