Definition of 'Okun's Law'
Okun's law states that for every 1 percentage point increase in the unemployment rate, there is a 2% decline in real GDP. This means that if the unemployment rate rises from 5% to 6%, real GDP will decline by 4%.
Okun's law is based on the idea that there is a trade-off between unemployment and output. When the economy is booming, businesses need more workers and unemployment falls. However, when the economy slows down, businesses need fewer workers and unemployment rises.
Okun's law has been used by economists to forecast economic growth and to assess the impact of government policies on the economy. However, it is important to note that Okun's law is not a perfect predictor of economic growth. There are a number of factors that can affect the relationship between unemployment and GDP, such as changes in productivity, investment, and government spending.
Despite its limitations, Okun's law remains a useful tool for understanding the relationship between unemployment and economic growth. It is a reminder that the unemployment rate is not just a measure of economic hardship, but also a signal of the health of the economy.
Here are some additional details about Okun's law:
* Okun's law is based on the assumption that there is a natural rate of unemployment. This is the level of unemployment that exists when the economy is at full employment.
* The natural rate of unemployment is not fixed. It can change over time, depending on factors such as the structure of the economy and the policies of the government.
* Okun's law is not always accurate. There are a number of factors that can affect the relationship between unemployment and GDP, such as changes in productivity, investment, and government spending.
* Okun's law is a useful tool for understanding the relationship between unemployment and economic growth. However, it is important to remember that it is not a perfect predictor of economic growth.
Do you have a trading or investing definition for our dictionary? Click the Create Definition link to add your own definition. You will earn 150 bonus reputation points for each definition that is accepted.
Is this definition wrong? Let us know by posting to the forum and we will correct it.