One-Child Policy

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Definition of 'One-Child Policy'

The One-Child Policy was a population control policy implemented in the People's Republic of China (PRC) from 1979 to 2015. The policy limited most families to having one child, with exceptions for rural families, ethnic minorities, and couples in which both parents were only children. The policy was intended to reduce the country's population growth rate and improve living standards.

The One-Child Policy had a significant impact on China's population. The country's population growth rate fell from 2.5% per year in 1979 to 0.5% per year in 2015. The policy also led to a change in the sex ratio at birth, with more boys being born than girls. This was due to the preference for male children in Chinese culture.

The One-Child Policy was controversial from the start. Critics argued that it was a violation of human rights and that it would have negative consequences for China's economy and society. Supporters of the policy argued that it was necessary to prevent overpopulation and improve living standards.

In 2015, the Chinese government announced that it would be relaxing the One-Child Policy. The new policy allows couples to have two children if one of the parents is an only child. The relaxation of the policy is expected to have a significant impact on China's population in the coming years.

The One-Child Policy was a complex and controversial policy that had a significant impact on China's population and society. The policy is a reminder of the challenges that governments face in trying to manage population growth.

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