Definition of 'Phillips Curve'
The Phillips curve is typically represented graphically as a curve with the rate of unemployment on the x-axis and the rate of inflation on the y-axis. The curve slopes upwards, indicating that as the rate of unemployment decreases, the rate of inflation increases. This relationship is often interpreted as reflecting the trade-off between inflation and unemployment.
In an economy with a high rate of unemployment, there is less pressure on wages to rise, and so inflation is lower. However, as the rate of unemployment decreases, there is more pressure on wages to rise, and so inflation increases.
The Phillips curve is not a perfect relationship, and there are a number of factors that can affect it. For example, changes in the supply of money and credit can affect inflation, and changes in the demand for goods and services can affect unemployment.
The Phillips curve has been used by policymakers to try to manage the economy. In particular, policymakers have tried to use monetary policy to keep the economy at a point on the Phillips curve where the rate of unemployment is low and the rate of inflation is low.
However, the Phillips curve has been criticized on a number of grounds. First, it is based on the assumption that there is a trade-off between inflation and unemployment. However, some economists argue that this trade-off is not always present, and that it may be possible to achieve low rates of both inflation and unemployment.
Second, the Phillips curve is based on the assumption that the relationship between inflation and unemployment is stable. However, some economists argue that this relationship is not stable, and that it can change over time.
Third, the Phillips curve is based on the assumption that the economy is at full employment. However, some economists argue that the economy is never at full employment, and that there is always some level of unemployment.
As a result of these criticisms, the Phillips curve is no longer as widely used by policymakers as it once was. However, it remains an important concept in macroeconomics, and it continues to be studied by economists.
In addition to the traditional Phillips curve, there are a number of other variants of the curve. For example, the augmented Phillips curve includes other factors that can affect inflation, such as the exchange rate and the terms of trade. The expectations-augmented Phillips curve takes into account the fact that expectations about future inflation can affect current inflation. And the natural rate of unemployment Phillips curve identifies a level of unemployment below which inflation will increase.
The Phillips curve is a complex and controversial concept, but it remains an important tool for understanding the relationship between inflation and unemployment.
Do you have a trading or investing definition for our dictionary? Click the Create Definition link to add your own definition. You will earn 150 bonus reputation points for each definition that is accepted.
Is this definition wrong? Let us know by posting to the forum and we will correct it.