Resident Alien

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Definition of 'Resident Alien'

A resident alien is a person who is not a citizen of the United States but has been granted the privilege of living and working in the country on a permanent basis. Resident aliens are taxed in the same way as U.S. citizens, and they are eligible for most of the same benefits, such as Social Security and Medicare.

There are two types of resident aliens:

* **Conditional resident aliens:** These are aliens who have been granted a green card, which is a document that allows them to live and work in the United States permanently. Conditional resident aliens must meet certain requirements, such as residing in the United States for a certain period of time and having a job. After meeting these requirements, they can apply to become permanent residents.
* **Permanent resident aliens:** These are aliens who have been granted permanent resident status, which is the highest immigration status available to non-citizens. Permanent resident aliens have the same rights and responsibilities as U.S. citizens, except that they cannot vote or hold certain government positions.

Resident aliens are subject to the same income tax rules as U.S. citizens. They must file a U.S. income tax return and pay taxes on their worldwide income, regardless of where they earn it. However, there are some special rules that apply to resident aliens, such as the foreign earned income exclusion and the foreign tax credit.

Resident aliens are also eligible for most of the same benefits as U.S. citizens, such as Social Security and Medicare. However, there are some exceptions, such as the earned income tax credit.

If you are a resident alien, it is important to understand your tax and immigration status. You should consult with an immigration attorney or tax advisor to make sure that you are complying with all of the relevant laws.

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