# Return of Capital (ROC)

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## Definition of 'Return of Capital (ROC)'

**Return of Capital (ROC)**

Return of capital (ROC) is the amount of money that an investor receives back from an investment, in addition to any capital gains. It is calculated by subtracting the initial investment from the final value of the investment, and then dividing that amount by the initial investment.

For example, if an investor invests \$100 in a stock and the stock increases in value to \$120, the ROC would be \$20. If the investor then sells the stock for \$120, they would have made a profit of \$20, which is the capital gain. The ROC would be \$20 / \$100 = 0.2, or 20%.

ROC is an important metric for investors to consider when evaluating potential investments. It can help investors to compare different investments and to identify those that are likely to generate the highest returns.

**Calculating ROC**

The formula for calculating ROC is:

```
ROC = (Final value - Initial investment) / Initial investment
```

Where:

* Final value is the value of the investment at the end of the investment period
* Initial investment is the value of the investment at the beginning of the investment period

**ROC and Other Investment Metrics**

ROC is often used in conjunction with other investment metrics, such as the time value of money and the internal rate of return (IRR). The time value of money is a concept that takes into account the fact that money today is worth more than money in the future. The IRR is a measure of the annualized return on an investment.

**Using ROC to Make Investment Decisions**

ROC can be used to make investment decisions by comparing the ROC of different investments. Investors should look for investments with high ROCs, as these investments are more likely to generate high returns. However, it is important to note that ROC is not the only factor that investors should consider when making investment decisions. Other factors, such as risk and liquidity, should also be taken into account.

**Conclusion**

Return of capital (ROC) is an important metric for investors to consider when evaluating potential investments. It can help investors to compare different investments and to identify those that are likely to generate the highest returns. However, it is important to note that ROC is not the only factor that investors should consider when making investment decisions. Other factors, such as risk and liquidity, should also be taken into account.

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