Definition of 'Revaluation Reserve'
Revaluation reserves are typically used for assets that are subject to significant fluctuations in value, such as land and buildings. When the fair value of an asset increases, the revaluation reserve is increased by the same amount. This increases the carrying amount of the asset and, in turn, increases the net assets of the company.
Conversely, when the fair value of an asset decreases, the revaluation reserve is decreased by the same amount. This decreases the carrying amount of the asset and, in turn, decreases the net assets of the company.
Revaluation reserves are not subject to the same level of scrutiny as other reserves, such as retained earnings. This is because they are not considered to be part of the company's capital. As a result, revaluation reserves can be used to smooth out earnings over time.
However, it is important to note that revaluation reserves can also be used to manipulate earnings. For example, a company could increase its revaluation reserves in order to make its financial statements look more favorable. This is why it is important for investors to be aware of the potential for revaluation reserves to be used for earnings manipulation.
In general, revaluation reserves are a useful tool for managing the value of assets. However, it is important to use them with caution and to be aware of the potential for earnings manipulation.
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