Risk-Based Capital Requirement
Definition of 'Risk-Based Capital Requirement'
There are two main types of risk-based capital requirements: the Basel Accords and the Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process (ICAAP). The Basel Accords are a set of international banking regulations that were developed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. The ICAAP is a risk management framework that is used by banks to assess their own capital requirements.
The Basel Accords are based on three pillars:
* Pillar 1: Minimum capital requirements. This pillar sets out the minimum capital requirements that banks must hold. The capital requirements are based on the riskiness of a bank's assets.
* Pillar 2: Supervisory review. This pillar requires supervisors to review banks' capital adequacy and to take action if they believe that a bank is not adequately capitalized.
* Pillar 3: Market discipline. This pillar encourages market participants to take into account a bank's capital adequacy when making lending decisions.
The ICAAP is a risk management framework that is used by banks to assess their own capital requirements. The ICAAP is based on the following principles:
* The bank must have a comprehensive risk management framework in place.
* The bank must identify, measure, and monitor its risks.
* The bank must have a process for setting capital requirements for each risk.
* The bank must have a process for monitoring its capital adequacy.
The ICAAP is a voluntary framework, but most banks in the United States have adopted it. The ICAAP is designed to help banks to identify and manage their risks and to ensure that they have enough capital to absorb losses in the event of a financial crisis.
Risk-based capital requirements are an important tool for ensuring the safety and soundness of the banking system. By requiring banks to hold more capital against riskier assets, risk-based capital requirements help to reduce the likelihood that banks will fail in the event of a financial crisis.
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