# Sampling Distribution

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## Definition of 'Sampling Distribution'

A sampling distribution is a probability distribution that describes the distribution of sample statistics. It is a theoretical distribution that shows the possible values of a statistic and the likelihood of each value occurring. The sampling distribution is used to make inferences about a population based on the sample data.

The sampling distribution is important because it allows us to make inferences about a population based on a sample. For example, if we want to know the average height of women in the United States, we could not measure every woman in the country. Instead, we could take a random sample of women and use the average height of the sample to estimate the average height of the population.

The sampling distribution is used to determine the confidence interval for a statistic. The confidence interval is a range of values that is likely to contain the true population parameter. The width of the confidence interval is determined by the sample size and the variability of the data.

The sampling distribution is a powerful tool that can be used to make inferences about a population based on a sample. It is important to understand the sampling distribution in order to make accurate inferences.

Here are some additional details about the sampling distribution:

* The sampling distribution is a theoretical distribution. It is not an actual distribution of data.
* The sampling distribution is based on the assumption that the sample is random and representative of the population.
* The sampling distribution is used to make inferences about the population mean, the population proportion, and other population parameters.
* The sampling distribution is used to determine the confidence interval for a statistic.
* The sampling distribution is used to test hypotheses about a population parameter.

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