What Is the Securities Exchange Act of 1934? Reach and History

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Definition of 'What Is the Securities Exchange Act of 1934? Reach and History'

The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (SEA) is a United States federal law that regulates the securities industry and the nation's stock exchanges. It was a response to the stock market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression. The act established the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to oversee the nation's securities markets.

The SEA has a wide reach. It covers all securities traded in the United States, including stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. It also covers all persons and entities involved in the securities industry, including broker-dealers, investment advisers, and investment companies.

The SEA has a number of provisions that regulate the securities industry. These provisions include:

* Registration requirements for broker-dealers and investment advisers
* Antifraud provisions
* Disclosure requirements for securities offerings
* Regulation of the securities markets

The SEA has been amended numerous times since it was enacted in 1934. These amendments have been made to address new developments in the securities industry and to close loopholes in the law.

The SEA is a landmark piece of legislation that has played a major role in the development of the United States securities markets. It has helped to protect investors and to ensure the integrity of the securities markets.

The SEA has been praised for its effectiveness in regulating the securities industry. However, it has also been criticized for being too complex and for being difficult to enforce.

Despite these criticisms, the SEA remains a vital piece of legislation that plays a key role in the regulation of the United States securities markets.

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