Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC)

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Definition of 'Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC)'

A Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC) is a company that raises capital through an initial public offering (IPO) with the intention of using the proceeds to acquire an existing company. SPACs are often referred to as blank check companies because they do not have a specific business plan or target acquisition at the time of their IPO.

SPACs are typically formed by a team of experienced investment professionals who have a track record of successful acquisitions. These sponsors are responsible for identifying and acquiring a target company, and they typically receive a significant equity stake in the combined company as part of the transaction.

SPACs have become increasingly popular in recent years as a way for private companies to go public without the traditional IPO process. The SPAC process is often seen as being faster and less expensive than a traditional IPO, and it can also provide private companies with access to a wider pool of capital.

However, SPACs also come with some risks. Investors in SPACs should be aware that there is no guarantee that the SPAC will be able to identify a suitable acquisition target, and there is also no guarantee that the acquisition will be successful. In addition, SPACs typically have a limited lifespan, and if they are unable to complete an acquisition within a certain period of time, they will be forced to liquidate their assets and return the money to their investors.

Despite the risks, SPACs have become a popular way for private companies to go public. In 2020, SPACs raised a record $83 billion in capital, and the trend is expected to continue in 2021.

Here are some additional details about SPACs:

* SPACs are typically structured as Cayman Islands exempted companies.
* SPACs are required to have at least $250 million in IPO proceeds.
* SPACs have a lifespan of two years from the date of their IPO.
* SPACs are required to hold a shareholder vote to approve any acquisition.
* SPACs are typically sponsored by a team of investment professionals who have a track record of successful acquisitions.
* SPACs can be used to acquire companies in any industry.
* SPACs can be used to take private companies public or to merge two or more public companies.

SPACs are a complex financial instrument, and investors should carefully consider the risks before investing in a SPAC.

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