REIT Real Estate Investment Trust

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Definition of 'REIT Real Estate Investment Trust'

An REIT, or real estate investment trust, is a type of investment that allows individuals to invest in real estate without actually owning physical property. REITs are companies that own and operate income-generating real estate, such as office buildings, apartment complexes, shopping centers, hotels, and other properties.

REITs offer several advantages to investors, including the ability to invest in a diversified portfolio of real estate assets, the potential for regular income through dividends, and the liquidity of publicly traded securities. In the United States, REITs are required by law to distribute at least 90% of their taxable income to shareholders in the form of dividends.

There are two main types of REITs: equity REITs and mortgage REITs. Equity REITs own and manage income-generating properties, while mortgage REITs invest in real estate debt, such as mortgages and mortgage-backed securities.

REITs are often considered a stable and predictable investment, as they are based on tangible assets and tend to generate regular income through rent and other sources. However, like all investments, REITs come with risks, such as changes in the real estate market, interest rate fluctuations, and other factors that may affect property values and rental income.

Individuals interested in investing in REITs should carefully research the options available and consult with a financial advisor to determine if this type of investment is appropriate for their goals and risk tolerance.

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