Accumulated Depreciation

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Definition of 'Accumulated Depreciation'

Accumulated depreciation is the total amount of depreciation expense that has been recorded over the life of an asset. It is a contra-asset account, meaning that it reduces the value of the asset on the balance sheet.

Accumulated depreciation is calculated by adding up the depreciation expense for each year of the asset's life. The depreciation expense is calculated by multiplying the asset's cost by the depreciation rate. The depreciation rate is a percentage that is used to estimate the amount of wear and tear that the asset will experience over time.

Accumulated depreciation is important because it reflects the amount of value that has been lost due to wear and tear. This information is useful for investors and creditors, as it helps them to understand the true value of the asset.

Accumulated depreciation is also used to calculate the book value of an asset. The book value is the value of the asset after depreciation has been taken into account. The book value is used to determine the amount of gain or loss that will be realized if the asset is sold.

Accumulated depreciation is a non-cash expense, meaning that it does not affect cash flow. However, it does reduce the amount of taxable income, which can save the company money on taxes.

Accumulated depreciation is a valuable tool for financial analysis. It can be used to track the value of assets over time, and it can also be used to calculate the book value of an asset. Additionally, accumulated depreciation can be used to estimate the amount of gain or loss that will be realized if an asset is sold.

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