Value Area (VA)
Definition of 'Value Area (VA)'
This is an area demarcated by 2 prices which bound the "most traded in" part of a time period.
Technically the value area is 1 standard deviation away from the most traded at price which is the price which has the highest number of TPO's. This price is also known as the Point of Control (POC).
Each time that the market trades at a price during a half hour bracket a letter is added to that price (one per half hour) and a vertically aligned bell curve is created. The middle chunk of that chart is the Value Area.
Typically, the upper and lower prices of the Value Area, know as Value Area High (VAH and Value Area Low (VAL) are seen as support and resistance lines - in their simplest terms.
Generally, the top of the value area provides intraday support while the bottom of the value area intraday resistance. This is more likely to happen when the market opens inside the value area.
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