Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS)
Definition of 'Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS)'
There are a number of different types of FMSs, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Some of the most common types include:
* Sequential FMSs: These systems are designed to produce a single product or family of products in a sequential manner.
* Parallel FMSs: These systems are designed to produce multiple products or families of products simultaneously.
* Cellular FMSs: These systems are designed to produce a variety of products or families of products in a cellular layout.
The choice of which type of FMS to use depends on a number of factors, including the size and complexity of the production run, the desired level of flexibility, and the budget available.
FMSs offer a number of advantages over traditional manufacturing systems, including:
* Increased flexibility: FMSs can be used to produce a variety of products or families of products, and they can be easily reprogrammed to produce new products or make changes to existing products.
* Reduced lead times: FMSs can produce products more quickly than traditional manufacturing systems, as they do not require as much setup time.
* Improved quality: FMSs can produce products with higher quality than traditional manufacturing systems, as they are less likely to make mistakes.
* Reduced costs: FMSs can reduce costs by reducing the need for human labor and by increasing productivity.
However, FMSs also have a number of disadvantages, including:
* High initial cost: FMSs are typically more expensive to purchase and install than traditional manufacturing systems.
* High maintenance costs: FMSs require a high level of maintenance to keep them running properly.
* Complex programming: FMSs can be complex to program, and this can make it difficult to make changes to the production process.
Overall, FMSs can be a good choice for manufacturers who need to produce a variety of products or families of products in a flexible and efficient manner. However, it is important to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of FMSs carefully before making a decision about whether or not to invest in one.
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