Net Asset Value (NAV)
Definition of 'Net Asset Value (NAV)'
The NAV is typically calculated at the end of each trading day. However, some funds may calculate their NAV more frequently, such as every hour or every minute. The NAV is often used to determine the price of a fund's shares. For example, if a fund's NAV is $10 per share, then the shares would be trading at $10 per share.
The NAV is not the same as the market price of a fund's shares. The market price is the price that investors are willing to pay for the shares. The market price can be higher or lower than the NAV, depending on the demand for the fund's shares.
There are a few reasons why the market price might differ from the NAV. First, the market price can be affected by investor sentiment. If investors are optimistic about the future performance of a fund, they may be willing to pay a higher price for its shares. Conversely, if investors are pessimistic about the fund's future performance, they may be willing to sell their shares at a lower price.
Second, the market price can be affected by the liquidity of the fund's shares. If there is a lot of demand for the fund's shares, the market price will be higher. Conversely, if there is little demand for the fund's shares, the market price will be lower.
Finally, the market price can be affected by the fees charged by the fund. Funds that charge high fees will have a lower NAV than funds that charge low fees.
The NAV is an important metric for investors to consider when evaluating a fund. However, it is important to remember that the NAV is not the same as the market price and that the market price can be affected by a number of factors.
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