Required Minimum Distribution (RMD)

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Definition of 'Required Minimum Distribution (RMD)'

A Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) is the minimum amount of money that you must withdraw from your retirement accounts each year after you reach age 72. The purpose of RMDs is to ensure that you don't leave too much money in your retirement accounts and that the government gets its share of taxes.

There are a few exceptions to the RMD rule. For example, you don't have to take RMDs from Roth IRAs, and you can delay taking RMDs from your traditional IRAs and 401(k)s until you reach age 70 1/2.

If you don't take your RMDs, you will be subject to a 50% penalty on the amount that you should have withdrawn.

There are a few ways to calculate your RMD. The easiest way is to use the IRS's RMD worksheet. You can find the worksheet on the IRS website.

If you have multiple retirement accounts, you can combine them to calculate your RMD. However, you must take your RMDs from each account separately.

You can take your RMDs in any form that you want. You can withdraw the money from your retirement account, roll it over to another retirement account, or use it to purchase an annuity.

It's important to start planning for your RMDs well in advance. This will give you time to make sure that you have enough money to meet your needs and that you're taking the distributions in the most tax-efficient way possible.

Here are a few tips for taking RMDs:

* Start taking your RMDs as early as possible. This will help you avoid having to take large distributions later in life.
* Take your RMDs in a way that minimizes your taxes. For example, if you're in a high tax bracket, you may want to consider taking your RMDs from your Roth IRA.
* Use your RMDs to fund your retirement expenses. This will help you make sure that you have enough money to live comfortably in retirement.

RMDs can be a hassle, but they're an important part of retirement planning. By taking them into account early on, you can make sure that you're prepared for a smooth and successful retirement.

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